Job Descriptions

Medical Doctor Job Description

What is the job description of a Medical Doctor? What are the duties and responsibilities of a Medical Doctor? What does a Medical Doctor do?

Job description of a Medical Doctor

Medical Doctors, also known as Physicians, are licensed health professionals who maintain and restore human health through the practice of medicine. They examine patients, review their medical history, diagnose illnesses or injuries, administer treatment and counsel patients on their health and well being.

A Medical Doctor is essentially concerned with restoring a patient’s optimum health. Medical Doctors perform health assessments, run diagnostic tests, prescribe medication, create treatment plans and provide health and wellness advice to patients.

Medical Doctors can specialize in specific areas of health, such as dermatology, neurology, gastroenterology or gynecology. They might also perform surgery.

This Medical Doctor job description example includes the list of most important Medical Doctor duties and responsibilities as shown below. It can be modified to fit the specific Medical Doctor profile you're trying to fill as a recruiter or job seeker.

Medical Doctor job description and responsibilities

Medical Doctor Duties and Responsibilities

Medical Doctor job description should contain a variety of functions and roles including:

  • Respond to patients’ medical problems by referring to their history, carrying out diagnosis, treatment, counseling and referral, where necessary.
  • Order lab tests and interpret the test results.
  • Maintain confidentiality and impartiality at all times.
  • Collect, record and maintain sensitive patient information such as examination results, medical history and reports.
  • Perform minor surgeries.
  • Explain procedures or prescribed treatments to patients.
  • Liaise with medical professionals in the community and hospitals.
  • Promote health education in conjunction with other health professionals.
  • Meet targets set by government for specified treatments eg. child immunization.
  • Discuss and evaluate new pharmaceutical products with pharmaceutical representatives.
  • Keep up-to-date with medical developments, treatment and medication.
  • Teach at hospitals and medical schools, and observe and assess the work of trainee doctors and medical students.

Medical Doctor Requirements / Skills / Qualifications

Medical Doctor job description should include these common skills and qualifications:

  • Degree in Medicine (essential).
  • x years of residency training (essential).
  • x years of experience practicing as a primary care doctor.
  • Fantastic counseling and listening skills.
  • Superb organizational and time management skills.
  • Excellent decision-making skills and communication.
  • Ability to work under pressure in a fast-paced environment.
  • Compassionate nature with the ability to make patients feel at ease.
  • Analytical and detail-oriented problem solver
  • Strong written and verbal communication skills
  • Great management and leadership skills.

As a hiring manager, recruiting an ideal Medical Doctor starts with crafting a good job description. Use this Medical Doctor job description template to save yourself time and help you attract the most qualified candidates. Feel free to revise it to meet your specific needs.

Job seekers interviewing for the role of a Medical Doctor may also reference it in preparation for the interview.


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