Government questions and answers

Government Questions and Answers

Prepare for your JAMB, WAEC, NECO, and Post UTME exams with these Government past questions and answers.

1.

Secret voting assists the voter in making a decision without

A.

coercion

B.

pondering over issues

C.

national interest

D.

public good

Correct answer is A

Secret voting is a method of voting that ensures the voter's privacy in the election process. The key idea is to ensure the voter's choice is confidential which helps to prevent attempts of influence, coercion, or retaliation

2.

The underlying principle of the concept of seperation of powers is mainly to

A.

educate people on their rights

B.

tame the executive

C.

prevent arbitrariness

D.

ensure constitutional review

Correct answer is C

The principle of separation of powers is primarily to prevent arbitrariness. This principle is a model for the governance of a state, where the state's government is divided into branches, each with separate and independent powers and areas of responsibility so that the powers of one branch are not in conflict with the powers associated with the other branches.

3.

The issues that are at the core of a country's foreign policy are referred to as

A.

globalisation

B.

state area

C.

national interest

D.

diplomacy

Correct answer is C

The issues that are at the core of a country's foreign policy are referred to as national interest. National interest is a country's goals and ambitions whether economic, military, or cultural. It is a key concept in international relations where it refers to a country's goals and ambitions.

4.

The cornerstone of a functioning democracy is the

A.

foreign policy and military alliances

B.

appropriation bill

C.

free and fair elections

D.

expenditure pattern of the executive

Correct answer is C

The cornerstone of a functioning democracy is free and fair elections. This is because in a democracy, the power to govern comes from the people who are governed. They express their will through voting in elections. If the elections are not free and fair, then the government does not truly represent the people, and the system is not a true democracy.

5.

The Commonwealth Nations is committed to one of the following principles

A.

human rights and democracy

B.

supervise political activities of member states

C.

draft constitution for member states

D.

finance budget of member states

Correct answer is A

The Commonwealth is an intergovernmental organization of 54 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire. It is committed to promoting human rights and democracy among its member states. The other options do not accurately describe the principles to which the Commonwealth is committed.

6.

The pattern of rule by the French in her West African colonies was highly

A.

decentralized

B.

proportional

C.

consultative

D.

centralized

Correct answer is D

The French colonial rule in West Africa was highly centralized. This means that the power and decision-making were concentrated in a central authority, often in the hands of the colonial governor. The other options do not accurately describe the pattern of French colonial rule.

7.

One of the high points of the activities of the National Congress of British West Africa (NCBWA) led to the

A.

proposal for African unity

B.

creation of the African High Command

C.

Africanization of the Executive Council

D.

introduction of the elective principles

Correct answer is D

One of the high points of the activities of the National Congress of British West Africa (NCBWA) led to the introduction of the elective principles. The NCBWA was a political organization that advocated for the rights of Africans in British West Africa, and one of its major achievements was the introduction of the elective principle, which allowed Africans to vote for their own representatives.

8.

One of the factors that influences decentralization of power in a state is

A.

weak central authority

B.

widening political participation

C.

maximum allegiance to the state

D.

maximum loyalty

Correct answer is B

Decentralization of power in a state is influenced by the need to widen political participation. This is because decentralization allows for the distribution of authority away from a central authority to regional or local authorities, thereby allowing more people to participate in governance.

9.

The function of the Diplomatic Missions include the following except

A.

project the culture of the people

B.

woo investors

C.

pay salaries of workers of the mission

D.

gather intelligence information

Correct answer is C

The function of the Diplomatic Missions include gathering intelligence information, projecting the culture of the people, and wooing investors. However, paying salaries of workers of the mission is an administrative function, not a diplomatic one.

10.

Public opinion is formed through the following channels except

A.

Cabinet

B.

Elections

C.

Mass media

D.

Political parties

Correct answer is A

Public opinion is formed through various channels such as mass media, elections, and political parties. However, the cabinet, which is a body of high-ranking state officials, typically consisting of the top leaders of the executive branch, is not a channel through which public opinion is formed. Rather, it is a body that makes decisions based on public opinion and other factors.